Bombay, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. As of
2009, Mumbai is the largest city in the world in terms of
population, with the city proper having a population of
approximately 14 million inhabitants, and along with the
neighbouring cities of Navi Mumbai and Thane, it forms an urban
agglomeration with around 19 million people. Mumbai lies on the
west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour. As of 2009,
Mumbai was named an Alpha world city.
originally a cluster of seven Koli islands inhabited by fishermen.
These islands were a part of Gujarat. When the Muslim ruler Sultan
Muhamed Begada captured the islands, Bombay was till then
inhabited by the Hindus. Vasco da Gama a Portuguese was the first
man to discover the sea route to Bombay.
After repeated attacks, the Sultan of Gujarat handed over the
islands to the Portuguese in 1534.
The Portuguese could not find any use for them and in1661 the
island of Bombay was given to Charles 11 of England as part of the
dowry when he got married to Catherine of Braganza., sister of the
A few years later Charles 11 took possession of the remaining
islands. In 1668,the East India Company a trading company based in
Surat (Gujarat), took over on lease the island of Bombay due to
its strategic location and port advantage, Bombay soon became an
important trading port. Development and reclamation started and
the then Governor Gerald Aungier (1672-1677) encouraged business
men from all over to come and settle. Historians have given him
the title of "Father of Bombay" because it was in this period
Bombay boomed. to become a prime commercial centre..
The Zorastrian Parsis were the first to arrive and settle and
build their first tower of silence in 1675. Many streets are named
after successful Parsi businessmen, industrialist and
philanthropists. Among them the Tataís are most famous. Air India
was set up by JRD Tata and Hotel Taj Mahal stands as a great
memorial to his father. Then came the Hindus, Goan Catholics, and
the Muslims. In 1687 the presidency of the East India Company
shifted from Surat to Bombay and finally in 1708 Bombay became
itís headquarter. By the 18th century the population had grown and
basic amenities and public services introduced like piped water
supply, Hospitals, Railways ,Tramcars, Courts , Mint, etc. The
Victoria Terminus Railway Station was made in 1887, designed by F.
W. Stevens and built in Gothic style.
Till today it is one of the most imposing and impressive
structures and the credit for this plus other Gothic structures
goes to the then governor Sir Bartle Frere who took a keen
interest in the making of Bombay. Most of the impressive buildings
were made between the years 1860-1900 like the GPO, Offices,
Banks, Tourist offices and two of the main railway stations. By
1862 the seven islands had joined together to form one huge mass
of land .The arrival of the Great Indian Peninsular Railways
signaled improved communications.
The American civil war gave a further boost to the cotton and
textile industry, which emerged as the main manufacturing
activity. With the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 Bombay
prospered as an International port, and reinforced its position as
a major commercial and industrial center in India.
When India became Independent in 1947 Bombay became the capital of
Bombay state. In 1960 Bombay state was dissolved and the state of
Maharashtra came into being, with Bombay as its state capital. In
1995 Bombay changed its name to Mumbai. The name Mumbai is derived
from "Mumbadevi" the patron goddess of the Koli fisher folks, the
earliest known inhabitants.
Provide a wide
variety of services to our customers like mumbai tour packages,
tour packages mumbai, tour packages of mumbai, mumbai tour,
mumbai tours, mumbai package, mumbai packages, packages in
mumbai, tour to mumbai, tours to mumbai, mumbai honeymoon tour,
mumbai honeymoon tours, mumbai honeymoon packages, mumbai
honeymoon package, honeymoon packages in mumbai, honeymoon in
mumbai, beach tours in mumbai, mumbai beach tours, hotels in
mumbai, mumbai hotels, online hotel booking mumbai, mumbai
online hotel booking, mumbai tour booking.